【関連イベント】The 52nd meeting of Tokyo Colloquium of Cognitive Philosophy終了しました
Department of History and Philosophy of Science will hold the 52nd Tokyo Colloquium of Cognitive Philosophy. Everyone is welcome.
Date & Time: 8 January (Thursday) , 2015, 18:00-20:00
Venue: the 14th Building, Room 710 on the 7th floor, Komaba Campus
Presenter: Teru Miyake, Nanyang Technological University
Title: Scientific Change: A Complexity-Based Approach?
Does scientific theory change incrementally? Can we view it as more or less a repository of knowledge to which we add more and more facts, or does the change occur in a much more radical fashion, through long periods of “normal science” punctuated by radical revolutions? The problem of understanding scientific change has been a central challenge for philosophy of science since the publication of Kuhn’s Structure in 1962, but no consensus view has emerged. This paper aims to take some preliminary steps towards taking concepts and methods from the growing field of Complexity and applying them towards the problem of understanding scientific change. I will first propose the working hypothesis that a significant part of what has traditionally been called “scientific theory” by philosophers of science is better conceptualized as intangible technology (in a sense that I explain in the paper), and the ways in which scientific theory has changed can be analyzed in terms of a theory of technological change. Technological change is an active area of research in the field of Complexity, and this project will attempt to bring this research, particularly that of Brian Arthur (2009), to bear on the philosophy of science. I will then examine, from the standpoint of this framework, the adoption and development of one such intangible technology--Fourier analysis. I will, in particular, examine applications of Fourier analysis by nineteenth century physicists, particularly William Thomson.